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Đề kiểm tra trắc nghiệm Tiếng Anh 12, unit 14: International organizations (Đề 2)

Thứ bảy - 24/03/2018 05:40
Đề kiểm tra trắc nghiệm Tiếng Anh 12, unit 14: International organizations (Đề 2), có đáp án
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A. PHONETICS
 
1-5. Pick out the word whose underlined and bold part is pronounced differently from that of the other words.
 
1. A. missed                   B. worked           C. released           D. watched
 
2. A. bush                    B. brush                          C. bus                  D. cup
 
3. A. boat                       B. broad                          C. coast                D. alone
 
4. A. more                   B. north                            C. lost                  D. water
 
5. A. alarm                         B. allow                        C. aspect                        D. asleep
 
6-10. Pick out the word that has the stress differently from that of the other words. 
 
6. A. regrettable             B. temporarily      C. participate       D. unfortunately
 
7. A. guarantee              B. committee        C. pioneer            D. volunteer
 
8. A. tournament           B. continent                   C. physician         D. heritage
 
9. A. pollute                   B. severe              C. tragic               D. humane
 
!0. A. epidemic              B. disaster            C. emergency        D. tsunami
 
B. VOCABULARY AND STRUCTURE
 
11 - 25. Choose the best answer among A, B, C or D that best completes each sentence.  
 
11. The tax increases will certainly …… the poor.
A. hit on     B. hit                    C. have a bad effect on              D. B and C
 
12. The government has declared a ….. of emergency following the earthquake.
A condition                    B. State       C. situation                    D. occasion
 
13. All the arrangements are now in ….. for their visit.
A. place                B. site         C. sight       D. view
 
14. You must set realistic............. for yourself.
A. aims and goals                    B. aims and objects
C. goals and objectives           D. aims and objectives
 
15. He managed to ….. disaster by steering into a pile of sand
A. avert              B. avoid               C. prevent                         D. All are correct
 
16. They’re …… an appeal to raise money for famine victims.
A. launching             B. giving               C. winning                 D. lodging
 
17. The war ……disaster to local people.
A. brought          B. caused         C. gave   D. A and B
 
18. He backed the truck ….. the edge of the cliff.
A. away from       B. out from
C. from away       D. from off 
 
19. He asked her……. , but she said she already had a boyfriend.
A. on                    B. out         C. off          D. in
 
20. The police backed the angry crowd ….. with their horses and bullhorns.
A. off          B. away      C. out                   D. up
 
21. The couple broke ….. their engagement after they had a huge argument.
A. up                    B. over                 C. off                    D. away
 
22. The owner broke …….the team by trading its best players to other teams.
A. off          B. up                    C. in            D. out
 
23. The new mayor will bring ……. a change in local government policies.
A. with                 B. out         C. up                    D. about
 
24. Many people wish that they could bring the good old days …..
A. on          B. back                C. in            D. up
 
25. Parents bring …… their kids the best way they know how.
A. off          B. up                    C. about               D. with
 
26 - 30. Choose the underlined part among A, B, C or D that needs correcting.
 
26. Since opened his new business, John has been working 12 hours a day.
         A         B                                                 C                                        D
 
27. Keep walk until you see the bank ahead of you.
                  A      B             C                    D
 
28. The road used to be narrow in the past but now it has widened.
        A               B                        C                                           D
 
29. Her life was changed completely when she won the lottery.
                     A                      B                              C     D
 
30. Floods cause of billions of dollars’ worth of property damage annually.
                     A                                          B              C                      D
 
31 - 35. Choose the correct sentence among A, B, C or D which has the same meaning as the given one.
 
31. The company turned down Bill’s offer.
A. The company rejected Bill’s offer.
B. The company offered Bill’s offer.
C. The company accepted Bill’s offer.
D. The company discussed Bill’s offer.
 
32. John ran into Mark downtown last week.
A. John injured Mark last week.
B. John had to run downtown last week.
C. John went downtown to exercise.
D. John met Mark downtown unexpectedly.
 
33. When I told Mark the news, he blew up.
A. Mark became curious as I told him the news.
B. Mark became worried as he heard the news.
C. Mark became angry as he heard the news.
D. Mark became nervous as I told him the news.
 
34. I’m going to do away with these clothes.
A. I’m going to wear these clothes.
B. I’m going to keep these clothes.
C. I’m going to wash these clothes.
D. I’m going to discard these clothes.
 
35. The meeting was put off because of pressure of time.
A. There was not enough time to hold the meeting.
B. The meeting started earlier because people wanted to leave early.
C. The meeting was planned to start late because of time pressure.
D. The meeting lasted much longer than usual.
 
C. READING
 
36 - 45. Choose the Word or phrase among A, B, C or D that best fits the blank space in the following passage:
 
The Security Council is the most powerful (36)…..  in the UN. It is responsible for maintaining international peace, and for (37)…. Peace when conflicts arise. Its decisions are binding on all UN members and have the force of international law. The Security Council has the (38)…  to define what is a threat to security, to determine how the UN should respond, and to enforce its decisions by ordering UN members to take certain (39)….. . For example, the Council may impose economic sanctions, such as halting trade with a country it considers an aggressor.
 
The Security Council has 15 members, 5 of which hold permanent seats. The General Assembly elects the other 10 members for (40)….. two-year terms. The 5 permanent members - the United States, the United Kingdom, France, Russia (formerly the Soviet Union), and China - have the most power. These nations were the winning (41)…. at the end of World War II, and they still represent the bulk of the world's military might.
 
Decisions of the Council require nine votes. But any one of the permanent members can veto an important decision. This authority is known (42) …. the veto right of the great powers. As a result, the Council is effective only when its permanent members can reach a consensus. Beginning in the 1990s, increased cooperation between the United States and Russia (43) …..the council to become more effective.
 
In recent years, there has been growing (44)….. over which countries should have permanent seats on the Council. Some nations believe that other countries besides the original five should be included. For example, Japan and Germany are powerful countries that pay large membership dues and make substantial contributions to the UN, (45)…. they do not have permanent seats. There is no easy solution to this problem.
 
 36. A. body                      B. agency               C. office                  D. A and B
 
37. A. keeping               B. restoring          C. maintaining                 D. making
 
38. A. authority            B. function               C. power                  D. All are correct
 
39. A. act                        B. acts                  C. action                          D. actions
 
40. A. rotating               B. changing         C. turning                  D. exchanging
 
41. A. fronts                    B. soldiers            C. groups                   D. powers
 
42. A. of                       B. as                     C. about                             D. for
 
43. A. made                   B. let                    C. enabled                      D. promised
 
44. A. controversy                   B. conflict             C. struggle                     D. quarrel
 
45. A. however              B. so                     C. yet                   D. therefore
 
46 - 50. Choose the item among A, B, C or D that best answers the question about the passage:
 
The United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) encourages and coordinates sound environmental practices throughout the world. It grapples with ways to approach environmental problems on an international level, provides expertise to member countries, monitors environmental conditions worldwide, develops environmental standards, and recommends alternative energy sources.
 
UNEP‘s work is guided by principles adopted at the 1992 UN Conference on Environment and Development, also known as the Earth Summit. The summit, which took place in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, was the largest such conference ever held, attracting with more than 100 national leaders.
 
The major theme of the 1992 Earth Summit was sustainable economic development, meaning development that does not use up or destroy so many of the world’s natural resources that it cannot be sustained over time. The meeting produced an overall plan, called Agenda 21, in which large developing countries promised to develop their Industries with an eye to protecting the environment. Industrialized countries pledged to help them do that. The Earth Summit also produced major treaties on biodiversity and global warming, although the latter treaty lacked enforcement provisions.
 
In 2002, UNEP sponsored the World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg, South Africa. This conference sought to help developing countries, undergo industrialization without harming the environment. But progress on environmental issues is slow because proposed Solutions continue to pit the interests of poorer developing countries against those of richer industrialized nations. Most developing countries cannot afford to build an environmentally sound industrial base, while industrialized countries are unwilling to absorb the entire cost of environmental reform.
 
46. What are the aims of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP)?
A. To encourage developing countries to build an environmentally sound industrial base.
B. To encourage and coordinate sound environmental practices throughout the world.
C. To encourage developed countries to cut wastes.
D. To help developing countries undergo industrialization without harming the environment.
 
47. In the Earth Summit in 1992, what was passed?
A. The aims of UNEP.
B. The action plans of UNEP.
C. The principles of UNEP.
D. The charters of UNEP.
 
48. What are the major themes of the Earth Summit?
A. Development does not use up or destroy so many of the world’s natural resources that it cannot be sustained over time.
B. Large developing countries promise to develop their industries with an eye toward protecting the environment.
C. It produced major treaties on biodiversity and global warming.
D. All are correct.
 
49. Why is progress on environmental issues slow?
A. Industrialized countries are unwilling to absorb the entire cost of environmental reform.
B. Most developing countries cannot afford to build an environmentally sound industrial base.
C. Proposed Solutions continue to pit the interests of poorer developing countries against those of richer industrialized nations.
D. All are correct.
 
50. What may the phrase “with an eye to” in paragraph 3 be probably mean?
A. Having good eyesight.
B. Having the eye contact.
C. With the intention of.
D. Examining something carefully.
ĐÁP ÁN
 
DA unit 14, de 2
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