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Giải bài tập tiếng Anh 7 - Pearson [Unit 12]

Thứ tư - 19/06/2019 21:55

Giải bài tập tiếng Anh 7 - Pearson [Unit 12], gồm các phần: PHONETICS - VOCABULARY & GRAMMAR - SPEAKING - READING - WRITING và giải bài tập kiểm tra.

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A. PHONETICS

I.
Stress on the 1st syllable    Stress on the 2nd syllable  Stress on the 3rd syllable
density; populated; crowded; homeless; criminal; problem; service; slavery; megacity; hunger; homeless; spacious; poverty pollution; imagine; economy; explosion;
affect; attract; behind; producer;
 
population; overcrowded;
millionaire; electricity
 
 
II.
General rules
(stress on the 1st syllable for the noun, and stress on the 2nd for the verb )
Exceptions
(the noun and the verb have the same stress pattern)
contrast, decrease, export, progress,
record, present, protest, desert, produce, suspect,
answer, offer, visit, travel, promise, picture, advice, reply
 
B. VOCABULARY & GRAMMAR
 
I.
1. E     2. I     3. F       4. J         5. H
6. C     7. A    8. G     9. B        10. D
 
II.
1. disease      2. shortages      3. crime       4. earnings     5. accommodation
6. Drought    7. peaceful        8. growth     9. megacity   10. Healthcare
 
III.
1.  London  has  more  national  holidays  than  New  York.  New  York  has  fewer  national holidays than London.
2.  New York has more high buildings than London. London has fewer high buildings than New York.
3.  London has more parks in the downtown than New York. New York has fewer parks in the downtown than London.
4.  New York has more districts than London. London has fewer districts than New York.
5.  New York has more bridges than London. London has fewer bridgesthan New York.
 
IV.
1. fewer     2. less      3. fewer       4. less          5. less
6. fewer     7. less      8. fewer       9. less         10. fewer
 
V.
1. do you         2. isn't it           3. aren't you       4. didn't we       5. will you
6. do we           7. have you      8. did they          9. can't it         10. Don’t you
 
C. SPEAKING
 
I.
1. G      2. K        3. C          4. I        5. L        6. A
 7. E      8. J         9. B           10. H    11. F     12. D 
 
1.  Lan: Have you ever been to Brazil, Nick?
2.  Nick: Yes, I have. I went there with my family three years ago.
3.  Lan:  It sounds interesting. Which cities did you go to?
4.  Nick: I went to Brasilia, the capital, and the biggest city – Rio de Janeiro.
5.  Lan: Rio de Janeiro? Well, it’s a big city with beautiful beaches and landscapes.
6.  Nick: Yes, nice beaches, Lan. I enjoyed swimming and lying on the beach. But it also has many social problems, such as violence, crime, etc.
7.  Lan: Oh, I see. I think other cities in Brazil also face some socialproblems too.
8.  Nick: Yes, social issues. And I could see the gap between the rich and the poor.
9.  Lan: The gap between the rich and the poor? What do you mean?
10. Nick: Well, that is wealthy people live in mansions – very big houseswhile poor people live in slums in the suburbs of Rio de Janeiro.
11. Lan: Oh, it sounds very gloomy now, Nick.
12. Nick: Don’t worry so much, Lan. Researches show that violence has declined in recent years.
 
II.
1.  E. it’s a megacity in that country
2.  B. a kind of paint that can absorb pollution has been used widely
3.  D. Should we bring the matter up in the next meeting of our schoolclub?
4.  C. Manila’s streets are a danger to pedestrians and cyclists.
5.  A. in which motorists will be persuaded to use public means of transport
6.  F. because it is better now
 
D. READING

I.  1. True       2. True       3. False       4. False       5. True
 
II.
1.  They are crime, drug addiction, alcoholism, poverty and unemployment.
2.  The development of megacities brings enormous challenges to governments, social and environmental planners, architects, engineers and the inhabitants of the megacities.
3.  The overpopulation creates more demands, in areas such as housing and services.
4.  Because they offer opportunities to look for jobs, especially for young people.
5.  Government programmes are carried out in order to help improve living conditions for the inhabitants of metropolitan areas.
 
III.
1.  They often live in old houses or huts that don’t have electricity or sanitation.
2.  Because governments don’t have the money to build modern apartment buildings.
3.  Cars and industries are polluting city air and rivers more and more, and waste that people throw away is burned or ends up in landfills.
4.  They are crime, alcoholism and drug addiction.
5.  They work hard to get rid of poverty, and they try to give suchpeople better education and jobs.
 
E. WRITING
 
Ho Chi Minh City is the largest city in Viet Nam. In 1979, there were only 3.4 million and  in  10  years  later  the  population  of  the  city  was  only  about 4  million  because  the economy did not develop much. However, thanks to the Renovationpolicy starting in 1989, in the next decade there was a dramatic increase in population,and the figure reached over 5 million. With economic growth, the living standard in Ho Chi Minh City is higher than that in other regions, so many people came to this city to look for jobs. As a result, Ho Chi Minh is the biggest city in Viet Nam with a population of over 7 million in 2009, and now about 8 million.
 
TEST (UNIT 12)
1. A     2. D     3. C        4. B     5. A     6. C       7. B       8. A     9. C     10. C
11. A   12. C   13. B      14. C    15. C    16. A      17. D     18. C     19. A    20. A
21. poverty        22. malnutrition        23. Overpopulation     24. slums   25. spacious
26. hunger         27. density             28. flea market  29. explosion 30. living standard
31. fewer           32. fewer       33. fewer        34. fewer         35. less
36. more            37. more        38. less           39. More         40. more
41. can’t it        42. won’t it       43. isn’t it      44. doesn’t it      45. isn’tit
46. have you     47. don’t they     48. don’t you     49. won’t it    50. didyou
50  A.  Do you know what the biggest city in China is, Phuong?
51  B.  Yeah, it’s Shanghai with a population of more than 24 million. It has a housing problem because of the increasing population.
52  C.  Do the urban planners suggest any solutions to the problem?
53  D.  Yes, experts call for the development of satellite towns to attract more urban
residents.
54  E.  Satellite towns? It sounds like being in the space, Phuong.
55  F.  Oh, no, Nam. The term “satellite town” refers to urban areas located near or
around larger metropolitan areas.
56  G. I  see,  Phuong.  Is  there  any  difference  in  the  population  density  between  the downtown and the suburbs?
57  H. Yes,  there  is.  The  population  density  in  some  central  districtsis more than 24,000 people per square kilometer, while the density on the outskirts of the
city is very low, just one-sixth of that in central districts.
58  I.  It’s true that the downtown is much more crowded than the surrounding areas.
How about the elderly people in Shanghai, Phuong?
59  J.  The  number  of  residents  older  than  60  is  increasing  quickly,  and  it  also
becomes a problem to the government.
60  K. I  think  so.  The  government  should  take  good  care  of  elderly  people,  and develop more medical facilities for them.
61. True        62. False        63. False            64. False         65. True
66. Mumbai is located on the western coast of India.
67. It is the capital of Maharashtra state.
68. Yes, it is. Because it is home to Bollywood, the centre of Hindu movie industry.
69. The film “Slumdog Millionaire” was based in Mumbai.
70. The toilets are in the streets.
71. There are 4,000 cases of death a day because of lack of hygiene.
72. They can crack and take in sewage.
73. It is very polluted in Dharavi.
74. There are 12 different neighbourhoods in Dharavi.
75. The further you walk into Dharavi from the edge, the more crowded the area becomes.
76. Mumbai is one of the most populated cities in the world.
77.  The  population  of  Mumbai  is  over  12.7  million  with  a  population  density  of  20,482 people per square kilometer.
78. Like other big cities in India, the population of Mumbai has grown rapidly in the last 20 years.
79. A large majority of Mumbai’s population are migrants from other states of India.
80. A large number of people in Mumbai live in the slums and other residential areas.
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