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Giải bài tập tiếng Anh 10 - Pearson [Unit 9: Preserving the environment]

Thứ hai - 24/06/2019 23:43
Giải bài tập tiếng Anh 10 - Pearson [Unit 9: Preserving the environment], gồm các phần: PHONETICS - VOCABULARY & GRAMMAR - SPEAKING - READING - WRITING và giải bài tập kiểm tra.
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A. PHONETICS
 
I/ 1. B     2. D    3. A     4. A     5. B     6. C
 
II/ 1. a'ttractions - di'sposal      2. 'pesticide - 'nutrient            3. e'rosion
4. ba'nana - plan'tations   5. 'elephant - 'ivory - 'habitat   6. 'consequences  - 'properties
 
B. VOCABULARY & GRAMMAR
 
I/ 1. use        2. ecosystems     3. habitats        4. demand          5. clearing
6. forest       7. farms               8. loss              9. threats            10. fauna
 
II/ 1. pollutants    2. construction    3. attractions     4. sustainable     5. depletion
     6. deforestation     7. environmental     8. awareness     9. solution  10. annually - depletion – priority
 
III/1. warming    2. forests       3. home            4. balance         5. way
      6. amount      7. life            8. ecosystems    9. value      10. of
 
IV/
1. Nam’s father told him to think about packaging before he bought products.
 
2. Mr. Tuan told his students to turn off lights and other electrical devices when they didn’t need them.
 
3. Mai told Anna not to buy any products made from wildlife skins.
 
4. Mai told Nick not to buy wood products from rainforest countries unless he knew they came from eco-friendly suppliers.
 
5. Mary told/encouraged Kevin to join an organization or an Internet group that was working to protect rainforests or wildlife.
 
6. Mai’s mother told her to save the bags and use them to collect her rubbish when she had finished unpacking her groceries.
 
7. Anna said that comics, newspapers and magazines could become wrapping paper.

8. Nam said that pesticides could cause harm to humans, animals, or the environment because they were designed to kill or affect living organisms.
 
9. The scientist said that trees and vegetation gave us the oxygen that we breathed while they also helped to absorb carbon dioxide which was released into the air.
 
10. Kevin said that plastics did not break down very easily which created a landfill problem.
 
C. READING
 
1/ 1.C     2. E      3. A        4. B        5. D
 
6. Birds build their nests in many different places and environments: some live on high branches, some live in bushes and some of them even nest on the ground.
 
7. They use their nests mainly to hatch their eggs and raise their offspring.
 
8. They are losing their habitats and breeding grounds.
 
9. We can teach our children to observe birds and nests and how they take care of their eggs.
 
10. They keep enough open space around their homes where birds will feel safe.
 
II/ 1. E    2. A      3. B    4. C       5. D
6. It occurs when pollutants are not removed from sewage and are discharged into the river.
 
7. It provides a constant supply of fresh water for drinking, cooking and washing to humans, and animals depend on clean river water.
 
8. When heavy rainfall occurs, pollutants accumulated within the boundaries of the catchment_area may be washed into river channels.
 
9. It may be discharged into the river channel through our drainage systems.
 
10. It increases the acidity of the river water.
 
III/
1. Negative impacts from tourism occur when the level of visitor use is greater than the environment's ability to cope with this use.
 
2. It causes soil erosion, increased pollution, discharges into the sea, natural habitat loss, increased pressure opendangered species and heightened vulnerability to forest fires.
 
3. It causes water shortages, degradation of water supplies, and a greater volume of waste water.
 
4. Because they require an enormous amount of water every day and, this can result in water scarcity.
 
5. Because a high demand is placed upon these resources to meet the high expectations of tourists.
 
6. Because tourists on expedition leave behind their garbage, oxygen cylinders and even camping equipment.
 
IV/ 1. B    2. C   3. D    4. A    5. C
 
D. SPEAKING  
 
I/ 1. D   2. E   3. A    4. C    5. B
 
II/ 1. E         2. G         3. A         4. D         5. C
 
E. WRITING
I/
1. Agriculture uses soils and water as a resource for food production.
 
2. At the same time, it impacts on these resources.
 
3. Agricultural production continues to rely on inorganic fertilisers and pesticides.
 
4. Inappropriate farming practices lead to soil erosion and nutrient loss.
 
5. Soil erosion is the removal of soil by wind and water.
 
6. Erosion can lead to soil degradation and eventually complete destruction.
 
II/
1. Both African and Asian elephants play such an important role in their ecosystems, and contribute to tourism and community incomes in many areas.
 
2. We try to conserve their habitat, support local communities, and make natural resources available for coming generations.
 
3. WWF works to conserve elephants on both continents through specific programmes.
 
4. The programmes aim to improve elephant protection and management, reduce poaching and the illegal ivory trade.
 
5. We shouldn’t buy ivory products because the illegal trade in ivory is one of the greatest threats to elephants today.
 
TEST 1 (Unit 9)
 
I+II/ 1.C    2. A    3. D    4. D    5. A
 
III/ 6. A   7. B   8. B   9. C   10. D    11.B    12. A    13. C   14. D   15. C
 
IV/ 16. volunteers     17. issues     18. competitions     19. organisations    20. training
      21. resources        22. opportunity     23. aim     24. sense    25.acts
 
V/ 26. C   27. B     28. D     29. B     30. B    31. C   32. B    33. A    34. C   35. D
 
VI/ 36. C   37. B   38. A    39. D    40. B
 
VII/ 41. E   42. B    43. G    44. F   45. A
 
VIII/
46. Paper, glass, metal, or plastic can be recycled, and recycling is an important factor of conservation.
 
47. When you are drinking water, you can use the amount left in the glass to water plants.
 
48. When you leave the room, you should turn off and unplug all the lights, fans, and air conditioners.
 
49. You try to grow fruits and vegetables at home if you have a small garden.
 
50. You should buy vegetables and fruits from local markets with the minimum carbon footprint.
 
TEST 2 (Unit 9)
 
I+II/ 1.B    2. D    3. C     4. D    5. C
 
III/ 6. C    7. D      8. B     9. B     10. D    11.A    12. C     13. B    14. A    15. B
 
IV/ 16. create   17. links     18. join     19. sponsored     20. grown
     21. promote     22. contributing     23. learned    24. expand     25. cooperated
 
V/ 26. A    27. C    28. A    29. D    30. C   31. B   32. B   33. C   34. A   35. B
 
VI/ 36. D  37. B  38. A  39. C  40. D
 
VII/ 41. F   42. C  43. G  44. A  45. D
 
VIII/
46. Vietnamese organizations and individuals should work together to solve the problem of water pollution.
 
47. People should use less chemical fertilizers, and go in for organic farming.
 
48. We try not to throw waste into rivers, lakes, streams or seas.
 
49. The government requires all the companies to follow the regulations strictly.

50. It is very necessary to raise people’s awareness of the important role of water in their daily activities.
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