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Giải bài tập tiếng Anh 8 - Pearson [Unit 9: Natural disasters]

Thứ năm - 20/06/2019 05:16

Giải bài tập tiếng Anh 8 - Pearson [Unit 9: Natural disasters], gồm các phần: PHONETICS - VOCABULARY & GRAMMAR - SPEAKING - READING - WRITING và giải bài tập kiểm tra.

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A. PHONETICS
I.
oOoo analogy, apology, astrology, biology, ecology, ethnology, geology, philosophy,
psychology,  biography,  geography,  telegraphy,  photography,  calligraphy, stenography, cosmography
ooOoo archaeology,  audiology,  futurology,  ideology,  methodology,  musicology, sociology, volcanology, radiography, oceanography,
oooOoo bacteriology, biotechnology, microbiology, historiography
 
II. 1. aˈnalogy     2. audiˈology     3. ethˈnology    4. ideˈology    5. biotechˈnology
     6. cosˈmography  7. caˈlligraphy  8. biˈography  9. oceaˈnography 10. historiˈography
 
B. VOCABULARY & GRAMMAR
 
I. 1. G      2. E      3. H       4. B      5. F       6. D     7. A       8. C
 
II. 1. flood      2. drought         3. landslide      4. hurricane      5. Tornado
 
III. 1. drops        2. a           3. irrigated        4. causes         5. normal
       6. dry           7. blown   8. Wells            9. suffer        10. because of
 
IV. 1. provided           2. taken                                 3. recover             4. suffered
      5. buried            6. were evacuated                 7. are scattered     8. have raged
 
V. 1. told       2. told        3. had called            4. had told       5. was
     6. had to   7. said        8. was                      9. had been     10. were    11. says     12. feels
 
VI.
1. had done             2. had paid     3. hadn't slept    4. had broken down    5. hadn’t flown
6. Had they gone    7. had heard     8. had tried    9. hadn't had    10. hadn't seen
 
VII. 1. had done – went         2. had lived – moved            3. told – had learned
        4. had worked – retired  5. got – had already started  6. came –had changed   
         7. had grown                   8. came – had waited
 
VIII. 1. had hit          2. had returned       3. suffered       4. occurred – had rained
        5. said – had caused         6. erupted – covered
 
IX.  1. was built        2. are greeted          3. are given         4. is decorated        5. arekept
 
X. 1. has          2. lasts            3. warmer          4. temperature
5. Fishermen/People           6. natural        7. happens/ occurs         8. Understand
 
C. SPEAKING
 
I. 1. C     2. F       3. D        4. G        5. B        6. E       7. A
 
II. 1. H        2. C        3. G       4. J      5. B       6. E       7. I      8. A        9. F    10. D
 
D. READING
 
I. Answers: 1, 2, 3, 5, 7
 
II. 1. B     2. D     3. B     4. D     5. B     6. D     7. A    8. A    9. C    10. A
 
III. 1. F      2. NI      3. F      4. T      5. F      6. T      7. NI      8. F
 
IV. Part A: 3. Students escape when the volcano erupts
Part B: 1. True    2. True     3. False    4. NM    5. False    6. True    7. False  8. False
 
V. 1. It hit the Gulf of Mexico in 1969.
2. Her bed was floating near the ceiling, and then it floated out of the window.
3. It was falling down.
4. It reached a speed of 234 m per hour.
5. It carried her 8 km from her house.
 
VI. 1. True      2. False     3. True     4. False      5. True
 
VII. 1. B      2. B        3. C         4. B          5. D
 
VIII. 1. B        2. C          3. A             4. A           5. D
 
E. WRITING

I. 1. I couldn’t play football because I had broken my leg.
2. They failed the exam because they hadn’t studied.
3. I didn’t recognize him because he had had a haircut.
4. She was tired because she hadn’t slept well.
5. We were hungry because we hadn’t cooked enough food. 
 
II.   Severe Landslides in Mekong Delta provinces
1.  Recently, landslides swept away hectares of vegetables and fruit crops, and many houses.
2.  Last week, An Hiep Commune in Dong Thap Province met a high risk of landslide disaster.
3.  A  severe  landslide  occurred  there  three  weeks  ago,  and  it  destroyed  completely  over 2,000 square meters of agricultural land and at least five houses.
4.  Last  year,  there  were  seven  landslides  in  An  Hiep  commune,  causing  a  loss  of  more than VND 2 billion.
5.  In Can Tho, a landslide occurred in Cai Rang District, and buried three houses and 50 meters of road.
6.  The authorities already had plansto move households from high risk zones to safer places. 
 
III.    Drought in Central Viet Nam
1.  A drought emergency was declared last month after five months without rain in Ninh Thuan and other provinces in Central Viet Nam.
2.  A drought is a long period when there is little or no rain.
3.  Hot weather with the highest temperature of 42 degree Celsius hit Central Viet Nam.
4.  In particular, rainfall is lower than the average of the past few years.
5.  In Ninh Thuan, about 50,000 local people suffered from drinkingwater shortage.
6.  Hundreds of hectares of rice and vegetables were destroyed and 500 cattle died due to prolonged drought.
7.  In Gia Lai and other provinces, water at many reservoirs dropped to the “dead” level for several months.
8.  The provinces received financial supports worth VND 172 billionfrom the government.
 
TEST (UNIT 9)
 
I. 1. D        2. C         3. A          4. B              5. D
 
II. 6. C     7. B        8. D       9. B     10. B    11. D   12. D   13. D   14. C   15. A
 
III. 16. eruption               17. evacuation      18. destructive      19. Survivors
       20. accommodation   21. provision
 
IV. 22. assistance           23. damage           24. tsunami         25. officials
26. property           27. debris                   28. weather bureau           29. warnings
30. ash          31. emergency         32. Climate changes            33. Rainstorm
 
V. 34. was caused      35. will be closed        36. was expected     37. were sent
     38. were hit           39. were blown            40. are warned        41. are put out
     42. were flooded   43. were destroyed – were damaged
 
VI.
44. hit     45. affected     46. occurred      47. had warned      48. had instructed
49. were rescued            50. were killed  51. sank       52. were destroyed    53. took
 
VII. 54. lack      55. environment      56. on     57. clouds    58. areas    59. time
 
VIII. 60. H    61. J      62. D     63. G     64. B    65. I    66. F   67. A   68. C   69. E
 
IX. 70. C    71. C       72. B       73. A         74. D
 
X. Southern Thailand hit by smoke from Indonesia
 
75. Heavy smoke from forest fires has resulted in the worst pollution for over ten years in southern Thailand.
 
76. The smoke has threatened local people’s health in seven provinces in the south.
 
77. Dangerous levels of pollution were recorded in the Thai city of Songkhla.
 
78. Earlier this month, a number of flights to Phuket were cancelled because of the smoke.
 
79. In the past two months, thousands of forest fires in Indonesia have left bad effects on Southeast Asia.
 
80. Pollution has also increased rates of respiratory illnesses.
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